ProWalker Hardware Recommendations
NVIDIA Iray is a progressive pathracing engine, and uses your computer's graphics card in conjunction with the CPU to accelerate rendering when rendering animations and still images.
In order of importance, these are the things you should prioritize when building a system for GPU rendering with ProWalker.
- Supported NVIDIA GPU with Iray drivers - An NVIDIA graphics card with CUDA computing capabilities is necessary for GPU rendering. The number of CUDA cores is by far the most important specification for rendering with ProWalker GPU.
- CPU speed - Faster clock speed and greater number of cores generally yields faster rendering, but this is much far important with a GPU based render engine. ProWalker will only fall back to the CPU if a supported graphics card is not present.
- RAM - Recommend at least 8GB, though 16GB is preferred.
Graphics cards with Iray support/drivers:
Most mid to high end NVIDIA cards from the past few generations of GTX and Quadro cards support rendering witih Iray.
Currently supported NVIDIA GTX and RTX series cards:
Turing: RTX 2060, 2070, 2080, 2080 Ti, and mobile variants
Pascal: GTX 1060, 1070, 1080, 1080 Ti, TITAN X, plus mobile variants.
Maxwell: GTX 950, 960, 970, 980, 980 Ti, GTX 750, 750 Ti, plus mobile variants.
Kepler/Fermi: GTX 500, 600, 800 series, including mobile.
Real-time Raytracing - Iray does not support RTX real-time raytracing as of April 2019, but we have been told it is on NVIDIA's roadmap. Even without that feature, the RTX series are an improvement over GTX 10xx cards. RTX cards have more CUDA cores than their GTX counterpoint at every price point — for comparison, an RTX 2060 will slightly outperform a GTX 1070.
Currently supported NVIDIA workstation class cards:
Quadro: RTX 4000, RTX 5000, RTX 6000, RTX 9000, GP100, GV100, P6000, P5000, P4000, P2000, P1000, P620, P600, P400, M6000, M5000, M4000
Tesla: V100, P100, P4, P40, K80, M40, K40m, K10, C2050, K20c, M2050
For still visualization: GTX 1050 and better (GTX 1050, 1060, 1070, 1080, and any RTX card.). Our lowest spec recommendation would be the GTX 1050 though you can get away with slower cards if you're patient. SU Podium is a better visualization option for users with a low-end GPU, but fast CPU.
For animation: GTX 970 and better, anything lower will be prohibitively slow in Iray photoreal mode. With the render mode set to Interactive or Quick mode, you gain back a significant amount of speed but we still recommend the GTX 970 (or 1060 6GB, which is comparable).
Keep in mind, a 1 minute animation requires approximately 1500 frames for smooth motion. So we can roughly estimate total render times:
- 3 minutes per frame - 75 hours
- 1 minute per frame - 25 hours
- 40 seconds per frame - 16.5 hours
- 20 seconds per frame - 8.25 hours
- 10 seconds per frame - 4.25 hours
ProWalker lets you set the number of seconds per frame in the settings dialog, so you can limit the maximum time ProWalker spends on an animation if necessary. However, bear in mind that a 40 second frame will look different from card to card—image quality in ProWalker is dependent on the number of samples Iray is allowed to calculate for that specific frame.
In other words, a 1 minute render from a GTX 1080 will look significantly less noisy (more refined) than 1 minute render on something like a GTX 960 (or lower). So what kind of speed does a reasonably priced, current generation card give us?
Mid-range case study - GTX 1060m | 450 samples | 3 min 33 seconds
Size: 1920x1080 — Render Mode: ID — Render Time: 3min 33sec — 450 samples
So this tells us that the GTX 1060m is definitely powerful enough for still visualization—we have a very appealing image after only 3.5 minutes, and doubling the samples would likely eliminate most of the visible noise.
For animation the results are less promising. We can extrapolate and arrive at a rough estimate: Aaproximately 88 hours for 1500 frames. Potentially doable if you have a dedicated render machine, but for the sake of efficiency we would not recommend a single GTX 1060 for rendering animation with ProWalker.
If you need to render animation on a lower-end card, there are several ways to decrease render time:
- Render at a lower resolution.
- Switch to Qck Mode instead of Id or Pr.
- Decrease the number of samples.
- Decrease the number of artificial lights.
- Render fewer frames per second (not really recommended), or speed up your animation paths
- Consider purchasing Podium Walker standard instead of ProWalker GPU.
Note: If the concept of progressive (samples based) rendering is new or unclear to you, please see here for more information about samples and image quality in Iray.
Iray Performance Benchmarks:
Migenius Iray benchmarks: Performance benchmarks are occasionally published at Migenius for a selection of cards and cloud-based services. Currently available comparisons from newest to oldest:
Iray's scaling efficiency is very high with NVIDIA CUDA devices. In theory, multiple GPU configurations should yield a near-linear performance increase, with per-card efficiency at approximately 95% of max performance up to 8 cards. In practice, per-card efficiency has been somewhat lower than 95% in our tests, but still quite excellent.